• ARTICLE_TITLE


    By O. Ugo. Marian College. 2018.

    We would like the most important medical fields to be covered in freely available textbooks on the internet by the year 2010 5 mg finasteride for sale. The world needs one hundred doctors 25 Personal qualifications 25 Contents and structuring 27 Language 28 The editorial team 29 Time frame 31 Deadline 32 Budget 32 Team of authors 34 3 purchase finasteride 5mg with mastercard. Getting the train on the track 37 Document for the texts 37 References 39 Assistance with writing 40 Deadline, Kick-off 42 4. The home stretch 59 Creating index entries 59 Preliminary publication on the internet 60 Final assembly 61 Header 62 The home stretch, countdown 63 Advertising 64 Marketing 64 Ora et labora 66 6. Playground, creativity 69 Pocket edition 69 Expansion of the websites 69 Authors’ fees 70 The English version 70 Removal of the copyright 70 Blogs 73 Conclusion 75 7. Flying Publisher I have a dream – A change of generations – Communication channels – Book vs. A medical textbook is available on the internet, accessible for everyone at all times. Even better: it is already on the internet although sales of the print version have not even begun yet. And hard to believe: access on the internet is unrestricted, 800 pages just waiting for readers. In future, the textbook will be updated annually and made available on the internet. The continuously updated specialised knowledge which is published in the duo of book + internet becomes a kind of permanent advanced training course, free of charge, prompt and ubiquitous. Flying Publisher texts exist 1) in book form and 2) simultaneously as a free internet site. So a Flying Publisher text has two physical conditions, a fee-based form (book) and a free-of-charge form (internet). In an instant, we would have an extensive virtual library with all the relevant information needed for day-to-day use. Change of generations Sceptics express concern that doctors already have enough work to do and thus can’t cope with being writers and publishers of free internet textbooks at the same time. Secondly, the sceptics – especially if they are not doctors themselves – are not quite in step with the times. In the last five years, the internet has drastically reduced costs and time involved in the production and marketing of information of every kind. Until recently, those who published textbooks – mostly 45 and older – were too old to understand the internet. Those, on the other hand, who had some idea of the possibilities offered by the internet were too young and inexperienced, and therefore not ready to write textbooks yet. But, as time passes, people get older and the old ones, too old for the internet, take their leave and the young ones, young enough for the internet, get older and reach the age at which they can write textbooks. In the following chapters, we will work our way step by step through the process of how an idea becomes a text and how we get this text to our readers. The individual stages of this adventure are: 8 Communication Selecting and narrowing down a theme, structuring the material and putting together a team of authors (Page 2) Writing the text and guiding the authors (Page 37) Preparations behind the scenes, while the authors are writing (Page 45) Talks with sponsors (Page 54) Refining and polishing work on the chapters until we have a version ready for press Advance publication of the texts on the internet Advertising and marketing Advertising and marketing Copyright clearance for translation into other languages Before describing these points in detail, we have to go back to basics. Does it make more sense nowadays to publish a text in a traditional publishing house or as my own publisher? Communication Communication is the transportation of thoughts, ideas, wishes, images or visions from one brain to another. When you stand up in front of a group of students in a lecture theatre, some things are only in your head, but not in the heads of the students. In the course of history, people have invented cuneiform writing tablets, papyrus, manuscript, books, radio, television and the internet. The first three media are no longer modern, and radio and television are generally not available to us. This leaves us with books and the internet for the communication of our knowledge.

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    Whichever method you choose cheap 1 mg finasteride with amex, you should be able to access the following patient information within seconds: • Patient name proven 1mg finasteride, medical record number, room number, date of birth and admission date. Rounds Regardless of the specialty, all of your clinical rotations involving the care of inpatients will involve rounds. Rounds take many different forms but, most simply, provide structure for the interaction between the patient and the health care team, and between members of the health care team itself. For example, during your rotations in medicine and pediatrics, you will “pick-up” individual patients admitted on your call night. You will be most involved in the care of these patients throughout their hospitalization, and these will be the patients you follow and present on a daily basis during rounds. Alternatively, on your surgical rotations, you will make small contributions to the care of all of the patients on your service as a team member and will not necessarily follow 11 individual patients. Again, while your specific responsibilities will vary, the majority of your clinical experiences will involve rounds. The following section applies primarily to rotations in which you will follow individual patients, such as in medicine and pediatrics, but the general principles apply to the majority of your clerkships. The goal is to find out what happened with the patient since you left the night before so that you can update the team on the patient’s progress. This “flowsheet” can be a bear to navigate at first, but you’ll quickly learn how to draw out the information you need, even on patients in the unit. Consultants and attendings will often round after you’ve left for the night, and you’ll want to be up to date on all new activity in the chart. Often consultations are recorded in a separate section of the chart, so make sure not to overlook this section if you are expecting a note. When you start a new rotation, you should check with the intern to see if they would like you to get signout from the overnight team or if they want to do it themselves; signout is key in getting overnight updates on your patients, but the intern may prefer doing all of their signouts at once and then passing the information on to you. Review orders to see if there have been any major changes and/or if any consultant recommendations have been implemented. But don’t be offended if the intern forgets to touch base with you before rounds, they’re just busy and it’s not intended to make you look bad. This list seems exhaustive at first, and it will probably take a couple weeks before you feel entirely comfortable with the process. You’ll get better and faster every day, and each patient will only take about five minutes with practice (early on, be sure to leave yourself about a half hour per patient). Since each patient is also the intern’s responsibility he/she will usually also pre-round on your patients, and your resident might as well. If there’s time before rounds, the intern may kindly review any important developments with you before your presentation. They often just want to know overnight vital signs, and fluid intake and output, but if they don’t tell you what they expect, you should ask. Work Rounds/Resident Rounds After pre-rounding on surgical rotations, the housestaff team (usually without attendings) will review each patient’s progress and plan basic care for the day. Work rounds are usually done as “walk rounds” where the entire team moves from room to room to see each patient. When the team gets to one of your patients, briefly summarize the pertinent data from your pre-rounding, including your ideas for a daily plan. Presentations should be concise but complete, noting patient name, age, current problems, vitals, pertinent exam findings, study results and assessment/plan. Again, this will vary Occasionally you may need to have the note in the chart before rounds, in which case you can make a photocopy of the note to help you in your presentation. The amount of teaching you will receive during work rounds is variable, depending on the style of the resident and the number of patients on the service, as well as their level of acuity and complexity. These rounds provide an opportunity for the team to present and discuss old and new patients with the attending. In addition, this is your time to present the complete H&P on patients you helped admit on call nights.

    One study surveyed 4644 New Zealand adults about their fish consumption (omega-3) and mental 40 | Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments in Psychiatry health generic finasteride 5mg overnight delivery, and a significant association was found between higher fish consumption and better mental health (Silvers 2002) finasteride 5 mg overnight delivery. Many healthy, simple meals can be prepared that help buffer against mental illness or as a supplementary treatment. Andrew Weil’s Eating Well for Optimum Health (2000) or Mark Hyman’s The UltraMind Solution (2010) and The UltraSimple Diet (2009) are good resources for further education about these foods and both include some simple recipes. Exercise: Free Mental Health Care In the past twenty years, the critical role that physical exercise plays in mental wellness has been demonstrated scientifically, but this has failed to make the clinical connection in the mainstream treatment of mental illness (Callaghan, 2004). The growing body of evidence indicates that it is a powerful way to treat and prevent mental health problems. It is especially critical that exercise be included in the pantheon of treatment modalities because so many forms of exercise are fun, free, and accessible for people of all classes, cultures and income levels (Paluska 2000). Hassmen et al conducted a large-scale (N=3403) study examining exercise habits and anxiety and depression levels and found that a level of 2-3 times per week regularly was the rate that predicted significantly less anxiety and depression. They also found that moderate exercise over a long period was more effective than intense, acute, intermittent exercise (Hassmen 2000). Paluska and Schwenk looked at the impact of exercise on anxiety and found that people did best exercising in 40-minute sessions for at least 10 weeks (frequency per week not noted) (Paluska 2000). Overall, it seems that a commitment to moderate exercise is sustainable and demonstrates the most meaningful effects. Exercise reduces anxiety, depression, and negative mood and improves self-esteem and assists cognitive skills (Callaghan Lifestyle Changes That Improve Mental Health | 41 2004). It appears that various types of exercise may help specific disorders: hiking for spiritual connection, martial arts for depression and spirituality, boxing or ultimate fighting to work out anger, and team sports to improve confidence and build social skills (D’Silva 2002). One study found that panic was reduced equally as well by both anti-anxiety medication and exercise from individual self-report, although the medications worked more quickly (Broocks 1998). Higher levels of coherence, mastery, self-efficacy, and better social support were reported by those engaged in physical exercise (Hassman 2000). Paluska and Schwenk published a detailed review of the state of the research on exercise and mental health and concluded that exercise appears to have the most impact on people with mild to moderate anxiety and depression. The authors found that exercise has the same impact as psychotherapy for people with mild to moderate symptoms in clinically depressed populations but the correlation between exercise and mood is less clear in non-clinical populations (Paluska 2000). Regarding neurotransmitters, exercise has been shown to increase serotonin (Fox 1999), acetylcholine and norepinephrine (Deslandes 2009). Recent data revealed that exercise may function more as an analgesic, sedative, and anxiolytic than as a producer of endorphin highs (Deslandes 2009). An interesting finding in the literature reveals that all types of exercise seem to have a positive effect on depression and other mental illness: aerobic, anaerobic and flexibility (Paluska 2000). Atlantis et al found that multimodal exercise (as opposed to one form of exercise) resulted in significantly less depression and stress and better levels of mental health and vitality after 24 weeks (Atlantis 2004). Given the evidence that exercise makes a profound impact on mental health, it is wise to assess exercise habits with clients. Along with assessing motivation for fitness, it would be helpful to present the evidence that exercise has a direct effect on mental illness and to engage a discussion on the “fun factor. Sleep: Nature’s Mood Management System Another factor in lifestyle effects on mental health is sleep. Along with the negative consequences of fast food, loss of sleep causes more problems than simply lack of concentration, energy, and creativity (Kemper 2010). Essential sleep restores all of the major mind-body systems, including the ability to relax, release stress, and regulate emotions. Lack of sleep plays a role in the growing obesity rates, which are also linked to growing rates of depression. Exercise increases sleep time, which leads to improved overall mental health (Landers 1997). Connecting back to the introduction, achieving proper sleep begins with a decision to do so and to adjust one’s schedule and lifestyle in a way that prioritizes the mental health care role of sleep. Although many elements of sleep continue to elude scientific understanding, we do know that limiting alcohol and nicotine before bed improves sleep. Aerobic exercise during the day and meditation before sleep can improve sleep, and thus mood (Harvard 2009) (Kemper 2010).

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